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Applied Scientist

Job ID: 1831301 | Amazon Data Services, Inc.


Job summary
The AWS Infrastructure Planning group is responsible for planning and coordinating a complex, multi-tier supply chain that delivers capacity for all AWS services. This includes data center setup, equipment purchase, installation and operation of servers with power and cooling, inventory management and other such decisions. We're building a new suite of tools to automate all AWS supply chain planning, with a broad charter that involves inventory optimization, placement, vendor allocation, transition management, lead time predictions, and more. We are responsible for ensuring that the AWS cloud remains elastic for its customers by taking care of all of the back-end complexity, enabling our infrastructure to stay ahead of our rapid growth.

As an Applied Scientist you will use your experience to develop new strategies to improve the performance of AWS Infrastructure’s planning systems and networks. Working closely with fellow applied scientists and product managers, you will use your experience in modeling, optimization, and simulation to design novel algorithms and models of new policies, simulate their performance, and evaluate their benefits and impacts to cost, reliability, and speed of our supply chain.

We are looking for experience in network and combinatorial optimization, algorithms, data structures, statistics, and/or machine learning. You will have an opportunity to work on large mathematical problems, with large elements of unpredictability. You will write and solve linear and mixed-integer problems to find optimal solutions to build decisions given capacity constraints and the demand distributions. You will also drive process changes that comes with automation and smarter optimization.

Key job responsibilities

  • Design and develop mathematical, simulation and optimization models and apply them to define strategic and tactical needs and drive the appropriate business and technical solutions in the areas of inventory management, network flow, supply chain optimization, demand planning.
  • Apply theories of mathematical optimization, including linear programming, combinatorial optimization, integer programming, dynamic programming, network flows and algorithms to design optimal or near optimal solution methodologies to be used by in-house decision support tools and software.
  • Prototype these models by using modeling languages such as R, MATLAB, Mosel or in software languages such as Python.
  • Create, enhance, and maintain technical documentation, and present to other Scientists, Product, and Engineering teams.
  • Lead project plans from a scientific perspective by managing product features, technical risks, milestones and launch plans
  • Influence organization's long term roadmap and resourcing, onboard new technologies onto Science team's toolbox, mentor other Scientists.

About the team
The AWS Infrastructure Supply Chain Technology Applied Research team drives technological advances and develops machine learning, optimization and simulation products to address complex challenges in the AWS Infrastructure supply chain.

We sit at the intersection of science and engineering, and innovate on behalf of customers to solve ambiguous problems that haven’t quite been fully articulated or even anticipated.


  • Masters or PhD degree in Operations Research, Engineering, Computer Science, Applied Mathematics or related fields
  • 1+ years hands-on experience developing software in Python, Java, C#, C++ or other object-oriented programming languages
  • 2+ years of experience in building mathematical models and prototyping
  • 2+ years of experience in stochastic and deterministic optimization techniques and simulation
  • 1+ years of experience with linear and non-linear optimization methods accompanied by expertise in the use of OR tools (e.g. CPLEX, Gurobi, XPRESS)
  • Practical experience in implementing optimization models and tools through the use of high-level modeling languages (e.g. AMPL, Mosel, R, MATLAB)
  • Experience in solving business problems through machine learning, data mining and statistical algorithms


  • PhD degree in Operations Research, Engineering, Computer Science, Applied Mathematics or related fields
  • Publications at peer-reviewed conferences or journals
  • Experience designing simulation and optimization models in for business decisions (e.g., staff/job-scheduling, network routing, and facility location) and/or feedback and/or predictive control.
  • Experience in designing/implementing online algorithms and approximation schemes for hard optimization problems (e.g. dynamic resource allocation problems for fulfillment center processes).
  • Experience designing/implementing machine learning algorithms tailored to particular business needs and tested on large datasets
  • Strong CS fundamentals in data structures, problem solving, algorithm design and complexity analysis
  • 1+ years professional experience in software development
  • Meets/exceeds Amazon’s functional/technical depth and complexity for this role.
  • Meets/exceeds Amazon’s leadership principles requirements for this role.

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