Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and the seat of the Scottish Parliament. It lies on the east coast of the Central Belt, along the Firth of Forth, near the North Sea. In the 2011 mid-year population estimates, Edinburgh had a total resident population of 495,360, making it the second largest city in Scotland and the seventh most populated in the UK.
The city was one of the major historical centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, helping to earn it the nickname Athens of the North. The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 in recognition of the unique character of the Medieval Old Town and the planned Georgian New Town.
The city hosts the annual Edinburgh Festival, a group of official and independent festivals held annually over about four weeks beginning in early August. The number of visitors the Festival attracts is roughly equal to the population of the city. The best-known of these events are the Edinburgh Fringe, the largest performing-arts festival in the world; the Edinburgh International Festival; the Edinburgh Military Tattoo; and the Edinburgh International Book Festival. Other annual events include the Hogmanay street party and the Beltane Fire Festival. Edinburgh attracts over a million overseas visitors a year, making it the second most visited tourist destination in the UK.
Edinburgh is home to both an Amazon Customer Service Center and an Amazon Development Center. Both offices are located at Waverley Gate, which is situated at the east end of Edinburgh city center, within a short walking distance of Waverley Station, the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, and the Surgeons Hall on Nicolson Street.